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A Soluble Metabolon Synthesizes the Isoprenoid Lipid Ubiquinone

Abstract : Ubiquinone (UQ) is a polyprenylated lipid that is conserved from bacteria to humans and is crucial to cellular respiration. How the cell orchestrates the efficient synthesis of UQ, which involves the modification of extremely hydrophobic substrates by multiple sequential enzymes, remains an unresolved issue. Here, we demonstrate that seven Ubi proteins form the Ubi complex, a stable metabolon that catalyzes the last six reactions of the UQ biosynthetic pathway in Escherichia coli. The SCP2 domain of UbiJ forms an extended hydrophobic cavity that binds UQ intermediates inside the 1 MDa Ubi complex. We purify the Ubi complex from cytoplasmic extracts and demonstrate that UQ biosynthesis occurs in this fraction, challenging the current thinking of a membrane-associated biosynthetic process. Collectively, our results document a rare case of stable metabolon and highlight how the supramolecular organization of soluble enzymes allows the modification of hydrophobic substrates in a hydrophilic environment.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02071798
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Soumis le : mardi 12 novembre 2019 - 14:49:28
Dernière modification le : vendredi 10 juillet 2020 - 15:46:06
Document(s) archivé(s) le : jeudi 13 février 2020 - 17:40:19

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Mahmoud Hajj Chehade, Ludovic Pelosi, Cameron David Fyfe, Laurent Loiseau, Bérengère Rascalou, et al.. A Soluble Metabolon Synthesizes the Isoprenoid Lipid Ubiquinone. Cell Chemical Biology, Cell Press, 2019, 26 (4), pp.482-492.e7. ⟨10.1016/j.chembiol.2018.12.001⟩. ⟨hal-02071798⟩

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