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Wall-thickness and midwall-radius variations in ventricular mechanics.

Abstract : A fluid-fiber-collagen stress tensor is used to describe the rheology of the left ventricle of the heart. Linear theory is used to find the equilibrium solutions for the end-diastolic and end-systolic states of general axisymmetric shapes that are small perturbations of a thick-walled finite cylinder. The general problem can be studied by superposing the effects of variable midwall radius but constant wall thickness with those of variable wall thickness but constant midwall radius. A Fourier series representation is used to describe the midwall radius and thickness functions. Numerical calculations are performed to determine the deformed geometry and spatial distributions of tissue pressure, stresses, and fiber strains. The calculations proved to be highly accurate when compared to an analytical solution obtained for the special case of no fibers. The results show significant longitudinal differences when compared to results for the cylindrical geometry, with more sensitivity to variation in wall thickness than to variation in midwall radius.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00846423
Contributeur : Jacques Ohayon <>
Soumis le : vendredi 19 juillet 2013 - 10:21:02
Dernière modification le : jeudi 21 mars 2019 - 14:56:08

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  • HAL Id : hal-00846423, version 1
  • PUBMED : 2717607

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R. S. Chadwick, J. Ohayon, M. Lewkowicz. Wall-thickness and midwall-radius variations in ventricular mechanics.. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America , National Academy of Sciences, 1989, 86 (9), pp.2996-9. ⟨hal-00846423⟩

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