Postural activity and movement control are frequently analysed independently, in simple laboratory tasks. However, it is through the interaction between these two dimensions that the regulations operated by the central nervous system make sense for managing the complexity of the human MOTRICITY. Our working hypothesis is based on the existence of a functional coupling between postural control and movement control. This research topic is mainly fundamental in the area of behavioural neurosciences.
The functional coupling described above makes sense only if it takes into consideration, in healthy or pathological subjects, of the PLASTICITY legated to the various constraints imposed to the postural, motor and sensory systems. The aim is to better understand how the central nervous system controls the observed adaptations. These adaptations may result from the subjects’ characteristics (effects of age, amputees, diabetic patients, obesity), the state of the motor system (level of muscular fatigue, task complexity) or the environmental conditions (sensory information available, double task situations). Within this context, the clinical and applied consequences should lead to the development of conditioning or reconditioning programs for improving motor performance.
Beyond its fundamental bases, these knowledge’s should also serve, in a HEALTH context, to the development and evaluation of therapeutic solutions and biomedical devices designated to assist (1) patients suffering from sensory, motor and/or cognitive deficits and (2) health care workers.
Overall, this research program focused on (1) fundamental studies related to human motricity and plasticity and (2) applied studies in the health context, is based on (1) human experimentation in ecological, clinical or laboratory environments, (2) the modelling and simulation of the sensori-motor processes involved in the control of posture, movement and locomotion, (3) the contribution to the development of embedded non invasive biomedical devices, reconditioning and rehabilitation programs to detect, compensate for, or supply sensory, motor and cognitive deficits and (4) the clinical evaluation and validation of these instrumental and therapeutical solutions.